Motive und Ernährungsverhalten

Als Motiv wird in der Psychologie eine relativ stabile Persönlichkeitseigenschaft bezeichnet, die beschreibt, wie wichtig einer Person eine bestimmte Art von Zielen ist. Motive sind Komponenten der Selbststeuerung der Menschen. Die Variable Motivation (Fragebogenskalen) versucht die Handlungsbereitschaft zu bestimmten, um das Ziel zu erreichen (auch Vergleich mit konkurrienden Zielen).
Motivbereiche: Bedürfnisbefriedigung, Selbstbild, soziale Rolle, Lebensziele, u.a.
Motive sind nicht zwingend bewusst. Motive werden traditionell mit dem Thematischen Auffassungstest (TAT) oder dem neueren Operanten Motivtest (OMT) bestimmt. Beide Tests sind projektiv, sie messen Motive, indem sie Assoziationen zu Bildern abfragen: Was ist für die Hauptperson in dieser Situation wichtig und was tut sie? Wie fühlt sie sich? Warum fühlt sie sich so? Auch Fragebögen können zur Motivmessung eingesetzt werden, sie erfassen allerdings nur bewusste Motive.

Motive beim Essen - Genuss (Geschmack); Bequemlichkeit; Preis, Gesundheit (gefühlte Funktionen des Essens - Muntermachen, Stimmungsaufheller, usw); Körperbild, Aussehen(Abwägen von Handlungsmöglichkeiten; Optionen und deren jeweiligen Folgen) (eigene Motive, Werte bezug zu gesellschaftlichen, sozialen Werten)

 

Informationen

- wikipedia

Motivation zur Verhaltensänderung - Konzept etwas anstossen, schupsen  EUFIC Review Nr.7 - 2014 -
nudging (z.B. neue Speisen / Ernährungserziehung) GVmanager 12_2014 - Die Welt  17.11.2014 /
- Nudge Theory - wikipedia - Nudge -

Lentils will help you run faster: Communicating food benefits gets kids to eat healthier. link bei www.eurekalert.org 08.05.2018 (ref. dpa-Meldung am .08.05.2019 z.B. Rhein-Zeitung + Berliner Zeitung -

Literatur - Motivation zur Verhaltensänderung (EUFIC Review Nr.7

World Health Organization (WHO) (2008). Behaviour change strategies and health: the role of health systems. EUR/RC58/10. Tbilisi, Georgia: WHO.

National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) (2007). NICE Public Health Guidance 6 ‘Behaviour change at population, community and individual levels’. London: NICE.

Central Office of Information (COI) (2009). Communications and behaviour change. London: COI.

Butland B, Jebb S, Kopelman P, et al. (2007). Tackling obesities: future choices – project report, 2nd Edition. London: Foresight Programme of the Government Office for Science.

Sassi F, Cecchini M, Lauer J, et al. (2009). Improving lifestyles, tackling obesity: the health and economic impact of prevention strategies, in OECD Health Working Papers. Paris: OECD Publishing.

Speller V (2007). The prevention paradox. Principles and practice of health promotion: health promotion models and theories, in HealthKnowledge Public Health Textbook, Public Health Handlung Support Team (PHAST).

Britt E, Hudson SM, Blampied NM, et al. (2004). Motivational interviewing in health settings: a review. Patient Education and Counseling 53:147–155.

Christmas S (2009). Nine big questions about behaviour change. London: Department for Transport.

Michie S, Johnston M, Francis JJ, et al. (2008). From theory to intervention: mapping theoretically derived behavioural determinants to behaviour change techniques. Applied Psychology: an international review 57(4):660–680.

Darnton A (2008). Practical Guide: An overview of behaviour change models and their uses. London: Government Social Research Service (GSR). (link)

Darnton A (2008). Reference report: an overview of behaviour change models and their uses. London: GSR.

Michie S & Johnston M (2012). Theories and techniques of behaviour change: Developing a cumulative science of behaviour change. Health Psychology Review 6(1):1-6.

Dombrowski, Stephan U, Sniehotta, et al. (2007). Current issues and future directions in Psychology and Health: Towards a cumulative science of behaviour change: Do current conduct and reporting of behavioural interventions fall short of best practice? Psychology & Health 22(8):869-874.

McEachan RRC, Conner M, Taylor NJ, et al. (2011). Prospective prediction of health-related behaviours with the theory of planned behaviour: A meta-analysis. Health Psychology Review 5(2):97-144.

Webb TL, Joseph J, Yardley L, et al. (2010). Using the internet to promote health behavior change: a systematic review and meta-analysis of the impact of theoretical basis, use of behavior change techniques, and mode of delivery on efficacy. Journal of Medical Internet Research 12(1):e4.

Michie S, van Stralen NM & West R (2011). The behaviour change wheel: A new method for characterising and designing behaviour change interventions. Implementation Science 6:42.

Abraham C & Michie S (2008). A taxonomy of behavior change techniques used in interventions. Health Psychology 27(3):379–387.

Greaves CJ, Sheppard KE, Abraham C, et al. (2011). Systematic review of reviews of intervention components associated with increased effectiveness in dietary and physical activity interventions. BMC Public Health 11:119.

World Cancer Research Fund (WCRF) (2009). Effective health behaviour change strategies. Informed 35.

Michie S, Abraham C, Whittington C, et al. (2009). Effective techniques in healthy eating and physical activity interventions: a meta-regression. Health Psychology 28(6):690-701.

Teixeira PJ, Silva MN, Mata J, et al. (2012). Motivation, self-determination, and long-term weight control IJBNPA 9:22

Teixeira PJ, Patrick H, Mata J, et al. (2011). Why we eat what we eat: the role of autonomous motivation in eating behaviour regulation. Nutrition Bulletin 36(1):102-107.

Silva MN, Markland D, Minderico CS, et al. (2008) A randomized controlled trial to evaluate self-determination theory for exercise adherence and weight control: rationale and intervention description. BMC Public Health 8:234.

Rubak S, Sandbæk A, Lauritzen T, et al. (2005). Motivational interviewing: a systematic review and meta-analysis. British Journal of General Practice55(513):305-312.

Spahn JM, Reeves RS, Keim KS, et al. (2010). State of the evidence regarding behavior change theories and strategies in nutrition counseling to facilitate health and food behavior change. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 110(6):879-891.

Teixeira PJ, Palmeira AL &Vansteenkiste M, et al. (2012). The role of self-determination theory and motivational interviewing in behavioral nutrition, physical activity, and health: an introduction to the IJBANPA special series. IJNBPA 9:17.

Stead M, Hastings G & McDermott L (2007). The meaning, effectiveness and future of social marketing. Obesity Reviews 8(s1):189-193.

UK Department of Health (2011). Changing behaviours, improving outcomes: a new social marketing strategy for public health. London: Department of Health.

UK Department of Health (2010). Change4Life one year on. London: COI for the Department of Health and the Department for Children, Schools and Families.

Crocker H, Lucas R & Wardle J (2012). Cluster-randomised trial to evaluate the ‘Change for Life’ mass media/ social marketing campaign in the UK. BMC Public Health 12:404.

Rayner M (2007). Social marketing: how might this contribute to tackling obesity? Obesity Reviews 8(s1):195-199.

Thaler RH & Sunstein CR (2008). Nudge: improving decisions about health, wealth, and happiness. New Haven, CT & London: Yale University Press.

EU project EATWELL (Interventions to Promote Healthy Eating Habits: Evaluation and Recommendations) (2012). Effectiveness of Policy Interventions to Promote Healthy Eating and Recommendations for Future Handlung: Evidence from the EATWELL Project.

Blumenthal-Barby JS & Burroughs H (2012). Seeking better health care outcomes: the ethics of using the “nudge". American Journal of Bioethics 12(2):1-10.

House of Lords (2012). Behaviour change. Science and Technology Select Committee 2nd Report of Session 2010–12. London : The Stationery Office Limited.

Patrick K, Raab F, Adams MA, et al. (2009). A text message–based intervention for weight loss: Randomized Controlled Trial. Journal of Medical Internet Research11(1):e1.

Dennison L, Morrison L, Conway G, et al. (2013). Opportunities and challenges for smartphone applications in supporting health behavior change: qualitative study. Journal of Medical Internet Research 15(4):e86.

Baranowski T, Buday R, Thompson DI, et al. (2008). Playing for real: video games and stories for health-related behavior change. American Journal of Preventative Medicine 34(1):74-82.

Warburton DE, et al. (2007). The health benefits of interactive video game exercise. Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism 32(4):655-663.

Adamo KB, Rutherford JA &Goldfield GS (2010). Effects of interactive video game cycling on overweight and obese adolescent health. Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism 35(6):805-815.

Peng W, Crouse JC&Lin JH (2013). Using active video games for physical activity promotion: a systematic review of the current state of research. Health Education &Behavior 40(2):171-192

Baranowski T, Diep C, Baranowski J (2013).Influences on children's dietary behavior, and innovative attempts to change it. Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism 62(Suppl 3):38-46.

Myers EF, Spence LA, Leslie B, et al. (2010). Nutrition and telephone counseling: future implications for dietitians and teledietetics. Topics in Clinical Nutrition 25(2):88-108.

Morrison LG, Yardley L, Powell J, et al. (2012). What design features are used in effective e-health interventions? A review using techniques from critical interpretive synthesis. Telemedicine journal and e-Health18(2):137-144.

Cugelman B, Thelwall M, Dawes P, et al. (2011). Online interventions for social marketing health behavior change campaigns: a meta-analysis of psychological architectures and adherence factors. Journal of Medical Internet Research 13(1):e17.

Shove E (2010). Beyond the ABC: climate change policy and theories of social change. Environment And Planning 42(6):1273-1285.

World Health Organization (WHO) (2008). Resolution. Behaviour change strategies and health: the role of health systems. EUR/RC58/R8. Regional Committee for Europe Fifty-eighth session. Tbilisi, Georgia: WHO.

To top