Food Deserts - Nahrungswüsten

Nahrungswüste - (siehe uPeople in Food Deserts Eat Much Differently Than the Rest of Americanten - food desert). Ein Lebensraum in dem die Nahversorgung mit frischen Lebensmitteln nicht gesichert ist. Menschen, die in dieser "Landschaft" wohnen benötigen Verkehrsmittel um sich entsprechend versorgen zu können.

(Gemeinde hat die Aufgabe Grundversorgungen für die Bürger sicher zu stellen; Probleme auch in anderen Bereichen - z.B. ärztliche Versorgung - Mangel an "Landärzten")

Lit.-
- People in Food Deserts Eat Much Differently Than the Rest of America - ScienceDaily, 25.02.2016 -
- Höherer Anteil an Zivilisationserkrankungen in Food Desert Gebieten. Studie der Indiana Purdue University, Indeanapolis (link)

Studien vom IOEW

Vogels - Ludwigsburg. Vortrag 2003 - Zukunft der Nahversorgung in den Kommunen
  / LEH Stuttgart 1999

Zeitungsmeldungen - Ladensterben in den Gemeinden – Stuttgarter Nachrichten - 22.07.2014 -
(Infos 2003)

SWR2 Wissen; 15.12.09 (Einzelhandel vs. ALDI&Co (Discounter))

http://www.swr.de/swr2/programm/sendungen/wissen/-/id=660374/nid=660374/did=5594158/1t6av1w/index.html

(Bericht - Initiative - Dorfladen)

 

food desert - An urban area where fresh food is either non-existent or too expensive

The term "food desert" was coined to describe areas with limited access to healthy food. There are food deserts all over Britain, in rural as well as urban areas. "It's not just a matter of there being no shops," says Elizabeth Dowler, a sociologist at Warwick University. "Often there are shops. But these tend to be meagre, run-down shops which sell little or no fresh food." A recent study of Sandwell, West Bromwich, for instance, found that around 90% of the households in the area were within 500 metres of shops that sold junk food and fizzy drinks. Less than 20% of the houses were within 500 metres of a shop selling fresh fruit and vegetables. This can be attributed largely to the steady increase in the number of supermarkets in Britain since the 1970s and the commensurate decline in the number of independent grocers. Around 80% of food shopping is now done in supermarkets, compared with less than 50% 25 years ago. —"Getting stuffed," The Economist, July 27, 2002 -   http://www.wordspy.com/words/fooddesert.asp

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