TYPO3 Musterprojekt - Saturday, 17. August 2019
Druckversion der Seite: Seminar 2019
URL: ernaehrungsdenkwerkstatt.de/frischware/vorlesung-phn-cn/seminar-2019.html

"Food Systems. Food and special aspects"

Food Society Nutrition (Modul V1_4)
My Topic "Food Systems. Food and special aspects"

Introduction
My professional background (Biography)
- my website - www.ernaehrungsdenkwerkstatt.de

Nutrition is both: a basic science (why-research) - the functions of nutrients -
and
an applied science - how we apply the results into functions -  "What foods and how much humans should eat to stay healthy - and since a few decades ago - to sustain.

Nutrition is a total phenomenon   (total social fact(Marcel Mauss)

Consequently - the object of nutrition research is unlimited, boundless; nutrition research has to be interdisciplinary (Schichten-Modell - layers of sciences - from physics to cultural sciences)(Chart)
- biopsychosociocultural models (EMSIG-Model)

My instrument for orientation in the huge "space" of Nutrition Research (Ernährungsforschungsraum) is a system with four dimensions  (Chart)
- Food (Lebensmittel)  -
- Human (Menschen) -
- Environment (Umwelt
- Time (Zeit)

The Human: Everybody needs food - basic need - (Maslow - Chart) each individual has (almost) the same requirements for nutrients.
Differences - individuality - functions of organs - health+wellbeing - longevity.
(amount of food/beverages of an adult - 2-3kg/day or 1 to per year - 3000kcal/day or 1 million per year) - (old infographic) (Fritz Kahn) (Informationsgraphik) ( enormous performance of the organismus) - (Karlsruher Ernährungspyramide - Nutrition Pyramid) (Das essen wir alles in einem Jahr. Watson 19.09.2018)
(World Population - still increasing) (Population Clock)  (YouTube)

The Food:
- single nutrients -  supplements ("chemicals") - processed food: sugar, starch, lipids
- foods - numerous ingredients (chart)- nutrients and non-nutrients, bioactive substances - interactions
- cooking - processed foods - dishes - menus - meals
- www.tasteatlas.com  - (⇒⇒ Cooking) (recipies of the world - data bank)
- Food Habit - diets
- National cuisines  (e.g. mediterran diet)
Enough food for all humans - world nutrition - e.g.  EAT- Lancet-Commission
Primary production (Plants) -
Food Processing chains - Storage - Distribution - Packaging - Trade - Waste management
Food Storage (distribution over time - from harvest to harvest)
Food Distribution (over areas - trade) (packaging - e.g. plastic)
Food Waste
Different Qualities of Food (Chart)  (Werte der LM)
- new development - bigdata - metabolom - om-era.

No human can live alone - humans survive in different environments
- The Environment:
- Clothing
- Family/Household (micro level)
- Communities (villages, towns, countries) (meso level)
- continental-global regions (macro level)   (Schichten-Modell - Lobstein)
- Settings (home, economic, leisure)
- Communication
- Mobility
- Ethics + Culture (Policy)
(one pole: individualized personalized nutrition - the other pole: global/planetary nutrition

Live is a balance - not static, but dynamic processes of complex systems (biopsychosocialcultural model)
(static system - a chess play - no action - no effects - time independent) -
It is impossible to take no action in the food system / - no breathing - no oxygen - dead within few minutes / no water - dead within a few days /  - no eating - refuse food - has severe consequences  (Starving - Hunger)
Nutrition System has a
Time dimension
- individual biography
- historical developments in food    (Mutationen der Menschheit)
- food chains
- daily and seasonal cycles - rhythms
- life events
- prognosis - nutrition planning
("environment" of past  <action, stimulus>  ⇒ genom imprinting - epigenetic <action>)

One principle - information management (Modus 2 - Rhizom)  (traditional - encyclopedia from A to Z)
- relationsship between different parts (links) - "growing were is need"  (up to know in Ernährungdenkwerkstatt about 6400 sides)
Objects viewed from different sites (Objektivität) (not only the common ones)  (Drudel)

Nutrition Research as a Applied Science - Tool - for the individual - medical nutrition -
Tool for Community/Planet - Public Health Nutrition /  Community Nutrition
- Goals - Health + Environment (to sustain the planet earth)
- Global Health/Planetary Health -
"global thinking" - "regional planning" - "local acting"

Simple facts:
There is only one earth / one planet - for all men / animals / plants / microbes - for life
- all use the resources of the planet - water, soil, air
Nutrition  Policy + Environmental Policy

- Sustainable Goals
- Basic Needs - (Maslow)  What needs men to live (Was braucht der Mensch zum Leben?) (Suffizienz)  (Gandhi)
Only one earth - limits of growth  (Luxury)  (Growth)
Optimum not Maximum (nutrition is a good example for it)

Policy - historical processes - development - transitions  - food policy - related to war - hunger crisis -
- The History of Food Policy (WHO Europe) (Chart)
- Chart - Holistic Homunculus of nutrition Policy - von Elisabeth Helsing, 1988

Willett, W. et al.: Food in the Anthropocene: the EAT–Lancet Commission on healthy diets from sustainable food systems. Lancet doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(18)31788-4 (16.01.2019) - Summary bei www.eatforum.org -
In 2015, it was announced that the team behind the BBC nature series Planet Earth would produce an eight-part nature docu-series "Our Planet" for Netflix that would be released on 5th April 2019. (wikipedia)  - link at www.netflix.com - link at www.wwf.org.ukDavid Attenborough  -
 

(Mikroskop - Makroskop)

Thoughts on Food Culture - (Kultur vs Natur)
Live needs structures ( Structures in Biology - Construcs in Sociology)