TYPO3 Musterprojekt - Saturday, 24. August 2019
Druckversion der Seite: ICNND
URL: ernaehrungsdenkwerkstatt.de/keller/institutionen/icnnd/

ICNND - Interdepartmental Committee on Nutrition for National Defense

ICNND = Interdepartmental Committee on Nutrition for National Defense (National Development)

Gegründet wurde das ICNND 1955 auf dem Hintergrund des Korea-Krieges; einerseits um die Ernährung der kämpfenden Gruppen (und deren Umfeld) zu erfassen; und andererseits die Ernährungslage in den Ländern zu kennen, zu denen die USA wichtige politische Verbindungen hatte und Interessen verfolgte. Die Informationen dienten auch der Organisation von Nahrungsmittelhilfe. Der erste Direktor war Frank B. Berry und Harold R.Sandstead (vom NIH - National Institutes of Health) war der Executive Director des ICNND. 1965 wurde es zur Nutrition Section, Office of International Research; und zum 1.8.1967 wurde es in das Nutrition Program, National Center for Chronic Disease Control, Bureau of Disease Prevention and Environmental Control, PHS, umgewandelt. Viele bekannte amerikanische Ernährungswissenschaftler waren beim ICNND tätig. Wichtig sind die methodischen Entwicklungen zu den Methoden der Ernährungs- und Gesundheitserhebungen,. Das entsprechende ICNND Manual ist die Keimzelle aller weiteren Erhebungen in der Ernährungsepidemiologie. Es wurden in vielen Ländern Afrikas, Asiens und Lateinamerikas ICNND-Country Surveys durchgeführt. Eine gute historische Dartellung wurde im Journal of Nutrition publiziert (Supplement).

(Anm – Fast alle ICNND Erhebungen befinden / befanden sich in der Bibliothek des Instituts für Ernährungswissenschaft; Gießen / Prof H.D.Cremer)

 Zur ICNND – gibt es einen Literatur-Ordner ( bei USA - Nutrition Surveys)

Sympsoium zur ICNND-Geschichte  - JNU  135  - (noch weitere acht Artikel verlinken)

Wikipedia - History of Military Nutrition in the USA
Website - Military Nutrtion (USA)

siehe auch - Ernährungspolitik / Geschichte der Ernährungspolitik

PHN-Seminar ⇒⇒ Food and Power

 

Food Habits Studies in USA (siehe auch Atwater)

Siehe auch -Informationssammlung -- (OLT185)


ICNND-Publikationen 

Interdepartmental Committee on Nutrition for National Defense and Division of Indian Health (1964) Blackfeet Indian Reservation: Nutrition Survey. U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare, Washington. DC.

2. Interdepartmental Committee on Nutrition for National Defense (1963) Union of Burma: Nutrition Survey. U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Public Health Service, NIH, Bethesda, MD.

3. Nutrition Section, OIR (1966) Pakistan: Nutrition Survey of East Pakistan. U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare, Public Health Service, NIH, Bethesda, MD.

4. Interdepartmental Committee on Nutrition for National Development (1971) Nutritional Evaluation of the Population of Central America and Panama Summary. U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Washington, DC.

6. McGanity, W. J. (2005) The Story of the ICNND’s North American Activities (1958–1970). J. Nutr. 135: 1268–1271.

7. Nutrition Section, OIR (1965) Northeast Brazil: Nutrition Survey. U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare, Public Health Service, NIH, Bethesda, MD.

8. Interdepartmental Committee on Nutrition for National Defense (1962) West Indies: Trinidad and Tobago; St. Lucia; St. Christopher; Nevis and Antigua: Nutrition Survey. U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare, Public Health Service, NIH, Bethesda, MD.

10. Interdepartmental Committee on Nutrition for National Defense (1956) Iran: Nutrition Survey of the Armed Forces. U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare, Public Health Service, NIH, Bethesda, MD.

11. Interdepartmental Committee on Nutrition for National Defense (1956) Pakistan: Nutrition Survey of the Armed Forces. U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare, Public Health Service, NIH, Bethesda, MD.

12. Interdepartmental Committee on Nutrition for National Defense (1956) Korea: Nutrition Survey of the Armed Forces. U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare, Public Health Service, NIH, Bethesda, MD.

13. Interdepartmental Committee on Nutrition for National Defense (1957) Philippines: Nutrition Survey of the Armed Forces. U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare, Public Health Service, NIH, Bethesda, MD.

14. Interdepartmental Committee on Nutrition for National Defense (1958) Turkey: Nutrition Survey of the Armed Forces. U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare, Public Health Service, NIH, Bethesda, MD.

15. Interdepartmental Committee on Nutrition for National Defense (1958) Spain: Nutrition Survey of the Armed Forces. U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare, Public Health Service, NIH, Bethesda, MD.

16. Interdepartmental Committee on Nutrition for National Defense (1960) Peru Nutrition Survey of the Armed Forces. U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare, Public Health Service, NIH, Bethesda, MD.

17. Interdepartmental Committee on Nutrition for National Defense (1961) Taiwan Nutrition Survey of the Armed Forces. U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare, Public Health Service, NIH, Bethesda, MD.

18. Interdepartmental Committee on Nutrition for National Defense (1957) Libya: Nutrition Survey of the Armed Forces and Civilians. U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare, Public Health Service, NIH, Bethesda, MD.

20. Sandstead, H. R. & Koehn, C. J. (1963) Nutrition of Korean Army. Field studies May-June 1953. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 13: 25–34.

21. Pollack, H. (1956) Studies on nutrition in the Far East. I. The problem and outline of the test protocol. Metabolism 5: 203–218.

29. Interdepartmental Committee on Nutrition for National Defense (1963) Hashemite Kingdom of Jordon: Nutrition Survey. U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Public Health Service, NIH, Bethesda, MD.

30. Interdepartmental Committee on Nutrition for National Development and the Interdepartmental Committee on Nutrition for Jordan (1964) The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan: Nutrition Survey on Infants and Refugees in Jordan. U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare, Public Health Service, NIH, Bethesda, MD.

31. Interdepartmental Committee on Nutrition for National Defense (1962) Lebanon: Nutrition survey. U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare Public Health Service, NIH, Bethesda, MD.

41. Underwood, B. A. (2005) The ICNND Surveys: Lasting Impacts. J. Nutr. 135: 1276–1280.

42. Schaefer, A. E., May, J. M. & McLellan, D. L. (1970) Nutrition and technical assistance. Bibl. Nutr. Dieta 14: 101–109.

Cremer, H.D.: Die Aufgaben von Ernährungslehre und Ernährungswissenschaft im Rahmen der Entwicklungshilfe. Ernährungs-Umschau 1961, S.19-20 - (Beschreibung der ICNND-Aktivitäten)
(Anm. Im Gießener IfE-Institut waren/sind? fast alle ICNND-Reports vorhanden. Einige sind auch im BFE-IÖS-Archiv in Karlsruge)