Die Gesundheitsberichterstattung der USA ist sehr gut zugänglich; so sind durch das National Center for Health Statistics' ( website, - http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/about.htm ) die Informationen sehr gut nach Stichworten abrufbar, z. B. Übergewicht - Obesity - Overweight - (dann weitere allgemeine Informationen - Definitionen, usw) (Monitoring) - US Obesity Trends -
Daten sind nach sozialwissnschaftlichen Faktoren aufgeschlüsselt (Geschlecht, Alter, Rasse - ethnicity; SES usw)
Daten zum Gesundheitssystem werden dokumentiert; Hinweise zur Gesundheitsforsschung (Förderung);
Beschreibung der Gesundheitspolitik und der Gesundheitsprogramme und deren Evaluierung
Dzau, V.J. et al.: Vital Directions for Health and Health Care. Priorities From a National Academy of Medicine Initiative. JAMA doi:10.1001/jama.2017.1964  (21.03.2017)

Center for Disease Control and Prevention www.cdc.gov  (Wikipedia)

Beispiele von Publikationen

Wöchentliche Berichte - sehr detailliert  -  Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report  -  http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/weekcvol.html

Haupttodesursachen in den USA (Übersicht)

Detaillierte Darstellung - Death in USA (2005)

- Leading Health Indicators  - link - bei Healthy People 2030www.health.gov -

Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome Among Adults 20 Years of Age and Over, by Sex, Age, Race and Ethnicity, and Body Mass Index: United States, 2003–2006 - http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nhsr/nhsr013.pdf   (Sechs Komponenten - Abdominal obesity - Atherogenic dyslipidemia (elevated triglyceride, small LDL particles, low HDL cholesterol - Raised blood pressure - Insulin resistance (with or without glucose intolerance) -  Proinflammatory state - Prothrombotic state

NCHS Data Briefs -  are statistical publications that provide information about current public health topics in a straightforward format.  - http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/products/databriefs.htm

- Data Brief No.395 (Dec 2020): Mortality in the United States, 2019 (Anstieg der Lebenserwartung um 0,1%)
Data Brief No.355 (Jan 2020):  Mortality in the United States, 2018 (leichter Anstieg der Lebenserwartung um 0,1%; Haupttodesursachen)
Data Brief No.267 (Dec 2016): Mortality in the U.S. 2015 (erstmal niedrige Lebenserwartung als Jahr zuvor)

Data Brief No.117 (March 2013) Trends in High LDL Cholesterol ..  (download)
Data Brief No.115 (March 2013) Death in the US 2011 ... (download)
Data Brief No.114 (Feb 2013) Caloric intake from Fast Food ... (Download)
Data Brief No.113 (Feb 2013) Trends in Intake of Energy+Macronutrients in Children 2000 - 2010 (download)
Data Brief No.110 (Nov 2012) Calories from Alcoholic Beverages (Download)
Data Brief No.109 (Oct 2012) Consumption of Diet drinks (download)

NCHS Data Brief No.88  March 2012 - 75 Year of Mortality in the U.S. 1935-2010 (download)

The Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) is the world’s largest, on-going telephone health survey system, tracking health conditions and risk behaviors in the United States yearly since 1984.
 ("Turning Information into Health" - Daten fürTaten)
(Beschreibung der 2009 Daten) / Fragebogen 
Datenbank - WEAT - Web enabled analysis tool

Currently, data are collected monthly in all 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and Guam

YRBSS - Youth Risk Behaviour Surveillance System

Healthy People 2010 (website) - Information für Gesundheitspräventionsprogramme

NCHS Data Brief - No.60 (March 2011) - Recent Decline in Birth Rates in US 2007-2009

NCHS Data Brief -No.59 (March 2011)- Vitamin D-Status US 2001-2006 

No. 53. Prevalence and Severity of Dental Fluorosis in the United States, 1999-2004. 8 pp. (PHS) 2011-1209. November 2010. [PDF - 848 KB] - http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/databriefs/db53.htm  --

No. 52. Blood Lead and Mercury Levels in Pregnant Women in the United States, 2003-2008. 8 pp. (PHS) 2011-1209. December 2010. [PDF - 624 KB] - http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/databriefs/db52.pdf  --

No. 51. Obesity and Socioeconomic Status in Children and Adolescents: UnitedStates, 2005-2008. 8 pp. (PHS) 2011-1209. December 2010. [PDF - 1 MB] -
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/databriefs/db51.htm  ---

No. 50. Obesity and Socioeconomic Status in Adults: United States, 2005-2008. 8 pp. (PHS) 2011-1209. December 2010. [PDF - 1 MB] -
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/databriefs/db50.htm -

National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) - NCHS Data Brief Number 49, November 2010

Trends in Intake of Energy and Macronutrients in Adults From 1999–2000 Through 2007–2008 - (ziemlich konstant)



- Araújo, J. et al. Prevalence of Optimal Metabolic Health in American Adults: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2009–2016. Metabolic Syndrome and Related Disorders, 2018; DOI: 10.1089/met.2018.0105 ⇔ "Only 12 percent of American adults are metabolically healthy. ScienceDaily 28.11.2018 + linkA + linkB bei www.eurekalert.org 28.11.2018

National Childrens Study (USA; seit 2010; ca 100.000 Familien, in allen US-Bundesstaaten) "will examine the effects of the environment, as broadly defined to include factors such as air, water, diet, sound, family dynamics, community and cultural influences, and genetics on the growth, development, and health of children across the United States, following them from before birth until age 21 years" - http://www.nationalchildrensstudy.gov/Pages/default.aspx

Das Übergewicht in den USA steigt weiter - http://www.derstandard.at/druck/1245820586157/Studie-USA-verlieren-Kampf-gegen-die-Fettleibigkeit


Health Care Uitilization -  NCHS Data Brief #32_March 2010

2008 SMART BRFSS Data and Prevalence Tables and BRFSS Maps Now Available (lokale Gesundheitsbereichterstattung - Raumbezug)
CDC's Behavioral Surveillance Branch in the Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, is pleased to announce the joint release of the 2008 SMART BRFSS data and prevalence tables, along with the BRFSS maps.
The SMART BRFSS data and prevalence tables are located at http://apps.nccd.cdc.gov/brfss-smart/index.asp.


National Health Interview Survey (USA 2007) - Morbidität - CHD, Lunge, Krebs, Diabetes; Niere, Leber, Arthritis; Probleme mit Hören, Sehen; Zähnen; psychische Probleme; Arbeitsunfhigkeits-Tage; körperliche Behinderungen; Rauchen; Alkohol, körperliche Aktivität: BMI - Übergewicht; Inanspruchnahme des Gesunheitssystems / Arztbesuche; (Definitionen - Technische Details)

National Health Interview Survey 2008 (Adults # 242 USA, 2008) ( Children #244 - 2008) (s.o. Stichworte Inhalt)

Lebensmittel-bedingte Infektionen (Salmonellen u.a.) und andere Infektionserkrankungen (US Morbidity Weekly 2010)

wichtige Zeitschrift - für PHN - ist Preventing Obesity - http://www.cdc.gov/pcd/issues/2004/jan/03_0023.htm
Beispiel einer Publikation - http://www.cdc.gov/pcd/issues/2009/jul/09_0013.htm#top

Division of International Epidemiology and Population Studies (DIEPS)   -  http://www.fic.nih.gov/about/dieps.htm
Fogarty International Center is dedicated to advancing the mission of the National Institutes of Health by supporting and facilitating global health research conducted by U.S. and international investigators, building partnerships between health research institutions in the U.S. and abroad, and training the next generation of scientists to address global health needs.

Access to and utilization of Medical Care for Young Adults Aged 20-29years: US 2008 (NCHS Date Brief _ Nor.29 - Feb 2010)
Health Characteristics of the American Indian or Alaska Native Adult Population; US 2004-08 (NHSReports No.20 - 9.3.2010)

Cholesterol Hypertension Diabetes Race Databrief 36_2010

Prescription Drug Use Continues to Increase: U.S. Prescription Drug Data for 2007-2008 http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/databriefs/db42.pdf

(Bericht - Interangency Board for Nutrition Monitoring and related Research: Nutrition Monitoring in US; DHHS Publication; PHS 2000-1255 - download)

Top Ten causes of death in US - daily infographic 2014_03_02

Regelmäßige Umfragen durch große MarktforschungsInstitute
z.B. Gallup (wikipedia) ausgewählte Pressemeldungen:
- 29.07.2014 - Americans still avoid fat more than carbs
- 28.07.2014 - Americans More Likely to Avoid Drinking Soda Than Before (general dietary choices reported)
- 25.07.2014 - Nearly Half in U.S. Remain Worried About Their Weight
- 23.07.2014 - Beer Is Americans' Adult Beverage of Choice This Year - This year, 41% of U.S. drinkers report they typically drink beer; 31% name wine and 23% name liquor.

The US Burden of Disease Collaborators:  The State of US Health, 1990-2016. Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Among US States  JAMA 2018;319(14):1444-1472. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.0158 -(CHART)

Unhealthy and Unprepared: National security depends on promoting healthy lifestyles from an early age. Report by www.strongnation.org 2018  (download) (ref. Euronews Pressemeldung 14.10.2018: "USA: Übergewicht wird für Armee zum Problem)
- The U.S. military has a huge problem with obesity and it's only getting worse. link bei www.militarytimes.com     11.09.2016 + Meldung am 03.10.2018