Die Nährstoff- und Energieaufnahmen in Deutschland - in NVS II - Kap. 5.6.3. Vitamin E (S.112)

Höchstmengen für Vitamine und Mineralstoffe in Nahrungsergänzungsmitteln und angereicherten Lebensmitteln. BFR-Mitteilung  11/2021 des www.bfr.bund.de 16.03.2021 +  Bewertung von Vitaminen und Mineralstoffen in Lebensmitteln (link)  ⇒ Vitamin E -

Vitamin E - EFSA -Infos - Health Claims

ID 160: ―Protection of body tissues, cells, membranes and lipids from oxidative damage (such as the oxidation of polyunsaturated fatty acids in red blood cell membranes). Antioxidant activity
ID 161: ―Normal immune system function
ID 162: ―The role of vitamins and minerals in immunity
ID 163: ―The role of vitamins and minerals in immunity
ID 164: ―Bone/Teeth/Hair/Skin and Nail health
ID 166:  ―Hearth health
ID 167:  ―Eye health; vitamin E, C are found in the lens of the eye; acts jointly with vitamin C‖


Elmadfa/Leitzmann - Ernährung des Menschen - Ulmer, Stuttgart

Übersicht - Verwendung von Vitaminen in Lebensmitteln - Toxikologische und ernährungsphysiologische Aspekte - BfR-Publikation: -Wissenschaft 03/2004)
Mindestbedarf + Höchstmengen an  Vitamin A + ß-Karotin; Vitamin D, Vitamin E; Vit K; Vit B1; Vit B2; Niacin; Vit B6, Folsäure, Pantothensäure; Biotin, Vit B12; Vit C (241S)

Present Knowledge of Nutrition. ILSI,  - 9.Auflage, 2006 (Chapter - Vitamin E)


Literaturliste (im Archiv)

Traber, M.G. et al.: Vitamin E absorption and kinetics in healthy women, as modulated by food and by fat, studied using 2 deuterium-labeled α-tocopherols in a 3-phase crossover design. Amer J clin Nutr nqz172, doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/nqz172 (09.09.2019) ⇔ "Fatty foods necessary for vitamin E absorption, but not right away." link bei www.eurekalert.org 08.09.2019

Pein; H. et al.: Endogenous metabolites of vitamin E limit inflammation by targeting 5-lipoxygenase. Nature Communications 9 (#3834) (20.09.2018) (ref. "Die Wirkung von Vitamin E ist oft reiner Zufall." Standard, Wien 04.10.2018)

Traber, M.G. et al.: Metabolic syndrome increases dietary α-tocopherol requirements as assessed using urinary and plasma vitamin E catabolites: a double-blind, crossover clinical trial. -  Amer J clin Nutr doi: 10.3945/​ajcn.116.138495 (11.01.2017) ⇔ ScienceDaily 17.01.2017

 Vitamin E from palm oil useful in boosting immune response based on studies on liver cells. link bei www.eurekalert.org 03.11.2020 + link -

Ford, E.S. et al.: Distribution of serum concentrations of α-tocopherol and γ-tocopherol in the US population. Amer J clin Nutr 80:375-383 (2006)

Head, B. et al.: Vitamin E is necessary for zebrafish nervous system development. Scientific Reports (Nature) 10 (1) DOI: 10.1038/s41598-020-71760-x- (21.09.2020) ⇔ ScienceDaily 21.09.2020